<< 1984 1985 1986 >>
February 7, 1985
The Los Angeles City Attorney's office drops the case against Sysop Tom Tcimpidis for lack of evidence and in the "interests of justice". Tom Tcimpidis had previous had his system seized for the posting of a pactel card code without the sysop's knowledge.

7AM, 02/07/85:

Pursuant to a telephone discussion w/ Reginald Dunn, head of the Criminal
Division of the LA City Attorney's Office, I was informed that the prosecution
believes it has insufficient evidence to continue the prosecution of Tom
Tcimpidis, Sysop of MOG-UR.  This determination was made after I requested a
review of the case on 1/11/85 after the departure of city attorney IRA Reiner
to become DA and while the City Attorney's office is being run by the Civil
Service staff pending election of a new City Attorney.  Mr. Dunn has given me
his word that the people will seek dismissal of the charges against Tom under
California Penal Code Section 1385, I.E., Dismissal In The Interests Of
Justice.  Under California law, such a dismissal is "w/ prejudice" and the
people cannot refile the case subsequently.  To put it succinctly, a dismissal
will terminate the presecution permanently.

As the members know, the City Attorney's office has previously reneged on
representations made to me regarding dismissal of the charges....I wish to
assure everyone that I have known Mr. Dunn for 10 years, and I trust his word
completely.  If he says the case will be dismissed, I am statisfied that such
an action will occur.

We win.  Win....win....win....win....My thanks to everyone who contributed to
supporting Tom and I in the defense of this matter.  I consider this to be a
major victory for the rights of free speech over the "Big Brother"
machinations of the phone company.

I would be grateful if you would download this message and place it on other
systems throughout the country.....This is a very big victory, and the BBS and
Modem Communities should know about it.

Again, thanks for the support. Best wishes to all,
Chuck Lindner Attorney for sysop Tom Tcimpidis

8PM, 02/07/85:
The case of People V. Tcimpidis, aka use of a modem, go to jail, was dismissed
in the "Interests Of Justice" this morning, 02/07/85.  As noted earlier, this
dismissal is w/ prejudice, and Tom is now free of the pactel scourge.  Another
small step for something resmbling justice.

Source NIA #68

March 9, 1985
Police in Cherry Hill, NJ, seize a BBS called "Hackers' Heaven" and question a group of local BBS users, soon referred to by the media as the "Cherry Hill Gang".

    About $35,000  worth of  computer equipment  has been  confiscated
from two homes in Cherry Hill and one in Voorhees Township as part  of
an investigation into  an alleged ring  of youthful computer  hackers,
Camden County Prosecutor Samuel Asbell said yesterday.
    Investigators  with  search  warrants  seized  computers,  modems,
printers, disk  drives,  software  and  other  equipment,  which  four
residents of the  houses allegedly  had used  to gain  access to  Dial
America, a  two-year  old long  distance  telephone service  based  in
Camden, Asbell said.
    Although no arrests  were made during  the Saturday sweep,  Asbell
said his office planned  to charge about 20  South Jersey youths  with
using personal  computers to  make  long-distance calls  through  Dial
    Most of the members of the alleged ring live in Camden County, all
are males, and the oldest is 20, he said.

March 18, 1985
Thom Henderson announces in FidoNews that the FidoNet (now in hundreds of nodes) requires some sort of formal organization to handle administration, software distribution, and oversight. This will manifest itself across the next years as the International Fidonet Association (IFNA).

Source FidoNews Volume 2 Issue 7

April 1, 1985
Thom Henderson takes the reins as editor of FidoNews, replacing Tom Jennings (who had requested a replacement starting with the first issue of FidoNews and who had missed a number of weeks producing the issues).

Source FidoNews Volume 2 Issue 8

April 22, 1985
Tom Jennings announces in FidoNews that FidoNet, now too large to be run from a centralized location, will be broken up into smaller nets to allow better communication and administration.

Source Fidonews Volume 2 Issue 10

June 12, 1985
FidoNet switches over from its previous node numbering system to "Regional Nets", where areas of the country (and later the world) are assigned as "regions", controlled by a "region coordinator" and controlling the nodes beneath it. This new numbering/naming system is used by Fidonet to the present day.

                                 This Is It!

        This is the week we've all been waiting for!  On Wednesday, 
        12 June 1985, we switch over to regional nets.  Stay on net 
        one until Wednesday, then set your net and node numbers to 
        the new system before the Thursday morning national mail 
        hour.  Also, pick up a copy of the new node list (136), and 
        install it on your system Wednesday.

        I'd also advise everybody to set their alternate net and 
        node numbers to their old node in net one, just in case 
        someone sends you mail at your old address.  Keep it like 
        that for a week, maybe two, then the heck with it.  Anybody 
        who hasn't converted by then, too bad.  

        It's taken awhile to get here, and I know it's going to 
        cause some confusion, but I really believe it'll be worth it 
        in the long run (say, a month or two).  

                                     - Thom Henderson


July 1, 1985
Fidonet BBS Sysop Bob Hartman announces that he has recieved permission from his company to hook his FidoNet BBS to their USENET Newsfeed, allowing the Fidonet Network to read and post on Usenet. (The process is better refined across the coming months.) His connection is called the "UN*X Gateway".
FIDONEWS     --           01 Jul 85  00:00:25           Page 5

             A few FIDONEWS issues back, someone mentioned the idea
        of hooking the Fido network into the USENET network.  The
        author correctly stated that the only problem with that
        was getting a USENET host to cooperate.  Well, I have been
        able to take care of that problem by getting my company
        (Automatix, Inc. in Billerica, MA) to agree to letting us
        access the USENET articles of interest.  Actually, since I
        am the UUCP/USENET/remote mail/telecommunications guru at
        Automatix, I gave myself this permission.  It took me
        about 4 hours, and a lot of testing, but I currently have
        our VAX 11/780 running 4.2BSD UNIX sending selected USENET
        newsgroups to my IBM PC running Fido.  I use KERMIT to do
        the actual file transferring.  Currently, it just sends one
        very large file with the newest news from all of the groups
        batched into it.  I am still working on a program to
        unbatch them at the PC end, and place them in separate news
        directories (as is done on the VAX).  When that is complete
        I will have to add support for replying to the news
        articles (this will undoubtedly be the hardest part).

             Anyone interested in receiving any of the USENET news
        via FidoNet mail, please let me know what newsgroups you
        are interested in.  Currently I only send net.micro.pc and
        net.lang.c, but that can be expanded.  If you are not sure
        of what USENET is, but you might be interested in finding
        out, send me a FidoNet message, and I can send you a list
        of all of the available newsgroups, and a short description
        of what USENET is.

        Bob Hartman
        SYSOP: Fido # 10101 in Net # 101 (101/10101)


July 4, 1985
Tim Stryker launches Galacticomm and its main product, the MajorBBS Software Package.

Source http://www.hal-pc.org/journal/12caught.html

July 12, 1985
The Private Sector BBS, official BBS of 2600 Magazine, is seized by law enforcement officials for "complicity in computer theft".

	     On July 12, 1985, law enforcement officials seized the Private
	Sector BBS, the official computer bulletin board of 2600 magazine,
	for "complicity in computer theft," under the newly passed, and yet
	untested, New Jersey Statute 2C:20-25.  Police had uncovered in	
	April a credit carding ring operated around a Middlesex County
	electronic bulletin board, and from  there investigated other North
	Jersey bulletin boards.  Not understanding subject matter of the
	Private Sector BBS, police assumed that the sysop was  involved in	
	illegal activities.  Six other computers were also seized in this
	investigation, including those of Store Manager [perhaps they mean
	Swap Shop Manager? - Shark] who ran a BBS of his own, Beowolf, Red
	Barchetta, the Vampire, NJ Hack Shack, sysop of the NJ Hack Shack
	BBS, and that of the sysop of the Treasure Chest BBS.

July 18, 1985
The SysOp of the Private Sector BBS is formally charged with "Computer Conspiracy" by the Middlesex Country Prosecutor.

July 31, 1985
The SysOp of the Private Sector BBS is charged with "wiring of his computer as a Blue Box."

Source 2600 Magazine, August 1985 Issue

August 10, 1985
Paul H. Levy releases "The Ultimate in WarGames Dialer Programs", Ultra-Dial version 5.1.

    Just When You Thought You'd Never Find A Better Dialer...

                  <********>   -------Com-Worx
                     S O F T W A R E
                  <********>   --------Systems

         |  The Ultimate In WarGames Dialer Programs  |
         |  ======================== ULTRA-DIAL v5.1  |
         |                                            |
         |            Revised As Of 8/10/85           |
         |    Written And Compiled By: Paul H. Levy   |
         |              (c)1985 Paul Levy             |

Welcome To The World Of WarGames Dialers!  If you are a past user
of  the ULTRA-DIAL series or a new one,  you will find ULTRA-DIAL
version 5.1 to be an utterly different and amazing program.

September 23, 1985
The Zeta BBS in Australia joins Fidonet. Running on a TRS-80, it is the first non-IBM node to join Fidonet.

Source http://www.nick-andrew.net/projects/trs80/zeta-bbs/

October, 1985
Three hackers from Norway (known today as Doctor No, Insane TTM and Sector9) create a Commodore 64 Demo group called RAZOR 2992, which they quickly rename to RAZOR 1911, which translates to $777 in Hexadecimal. This group later becomes one of the more infamous cracking/piracy groups and BBS networks.

On a rainy evening back in October 1985 three young Norwegian guys decided 
to form a computer group. We were not exactly sure about what we needed the 
group for but we were really inspired by other big groups at the time, such 
as Flash Cracking Group 1941, Section 8, Electronic Cracking Association 
1998, ABC 1999, Jedi 2001, 1103, Djenghis Khan, Hellmates, SCC, Dynamic 
Duo etc.

These three founder members are today known as Doctor No, Insane TTM and 

November 1, 1985
QuantumLink (Q-Link), an online service for using games and programs on Commodore 64 and 128 computers, begins operation. QuantumLink eventually renames itself to America Online in 1994.

November 17, 1985
Taran King and Knight Lightning release Issue #1 of PHRACK Magazine, what will become the longest running electronic publication in the hacker world. Initially distributed by BBSes, it eventually moves to the internet, passing through many editors along the way. Taran King is indicted in 1990 for an article published in PHRACK Issue #24.

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